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Suyumbike Tower.

The history of the city is connected with ancient civilization of the Kazan Tatars and their direct ancestors — the Bulgars of the Volga region. The city, located on the border line of Europe and Asia, has always been a link between East and West, keeping traditions of two great civilizations. The 1000 year old history of Kazan is rich in events, some dramatic, some tragic. Many times it was destroyed, burned and revived anew.

At the end of the 10th century a frontier fortress emerged on the left bank of the Kazanka River to control merchant vessels sailing along the Volga from North-West Rus and Baltic region down to the famous Boulgar fairs. One of such fairs was located very close to the western walls of the Kazan fortress. Due to its favorable location on the Great Volga Route — northern branch of the Great Silk Road - the original fortress was rapidly grew to a large economic, political, and cultural centre of Volga-Ural region. It became the capital of the Kazan principality at the time of the Golden Horde, in the second half of the 14th century. In 1445 city became the capital of the Kazan Khanate. In 1552 Kazan was besieged and taken by storm of Russian armies headed by Ivan the Forth (Ivan Grozny). Kazan khanate became the part of Russian state. The city continued to play the role of a large administrative and political centre of the region. In Soviet times Kazan was the capital of the Autonomous Tatar Republic.

Representation building of the President of the Republic of Tatarstan.

After the fall of the Soviet Union, government of the republic passed 3 important documents: the State Sovereignty Declaration, Constitution and the Treaty of Tatarstan with Russian Federation. President of the Republic of Tatarstan is Shaimiev Mintimer Sharipovich The main institution of the legislature in Kazan is the city council and the executive power is realized by the city administration.

Legends about Kazan foundation

There are more than 30 legends about the origin of the city and its name.

Some of them tell that the name of the city comes from the Bulgarian word “Kazan” (cauldron). One of the legends tells that the oldest son of the last Bulgarian governor Gabdullah came to the bank of the river, carrying copper cauldron. The bank was rather steep and it was hard to reach the water. When he tried to draw some water he dropped the cauldron by accident and it sank in the river. Later the river was named Kazanka (Kazansu). And the city near the river was called Kazan.

The other legend tells that before the city foundation khan asked the advice of where to lay the city. And one of the elders advised to pour the water into the cauldron, pit it into the cart, set the fire under the cauldron and ride the horses. The city will be founded on the place where the cauldron boils. The cauldron started boiling on the place where present Kazan is situated.

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